Heat and mass transfer of fuel film on the piston top of internal combustion engines

Mianzhi Wang, Timothy H. Lee, Chia Fon F. Lee

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


In direct injection engine wall-wetting of injected fuel leads to high hydrocarbon (HC) emission. In order to quantitatively study the HC formation near piston top, a heat and mass transfer model of fuel film and droplet is necessary. Previous research developed a model based on boiling theory and correlations. The Leidenfrost effect was well predicted with neglecting the effects of heating surface roughness. In this research newer nucleate boiling model including roughness effects is combined with proven natural convection model to calculate the total wall heat flux within the nucleate boiling regime. The result generated by the combined model is compared with experimental data. In addition to the nucleate boiling regime, more film boiling experimental results are reviewed to further validate the current film boiling model. Also, the natural convection model is extended into supercritical regime by applying appropriate equation of state. The resulting boiling curve models a condition more similar to the operation condition of internal combustion engine and provides better evaluation of the heat and mass transfer process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013 - Gyeongju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: May 19 2013May 22 2013


Other9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, ASPACC 2013
CountryKorea, Republic of

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Heat and mass transfer of fuel film on the piston top of internal combustion engines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this