Healthy life-expectancy and multimorbidity among older adults: Do inequality and poverty matter?

Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multimorbidity among older adults increases with age. There are large socioeconomic differences across states in Brazil. We believe that estimates of healthy life expectancy differ according to poverty and income inequality status. The objective of the study is to describe patterns of life expectancy with multimorbidity with distinct levels of poverty and inequality in Brazil. We constructed life tables for Brazilian states and estimated the prevalence of multimorbidity for populations aged 60 and over, and divided the states into three groups according to poverty and inequality status and compare them. The group with high poverty and inequality lives fewer years with multimorbidity than the group with lower poverty and inequality. We believe this approach can be used to compare estimates between populations and to identify health inequalities within the country that require attention, optimizing resources, and planning interventions to improve population health, mainly through primary health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104157
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • Chronic diseases
  • Health inequalities
  • Life expectancy
  • Multimorbidity
  • Poverty
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Aging
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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