Hastening Time to Ejaculation in Donkey Jacks Treated with the PGF2α Analog, Cloprostenol Sodium

Duccio Panzani, Miguel Quaresma, Diana Fanelli, Francesco Camillo, Rebecca Moroni, Alessandra Rota, Ana Martins-Bessa, Miguel Nóvoa, Jaime Catalán, Igor F. Canisso, Giuseppe Conte, Jordi Mirò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Due to the long courtship needed to attain excitation and erection, donkey semen collection can take up to 90 min. ProstaglandinF2α (PGF2α) has been reported to hasten the onset of erection and ejaculation in domesticated mammals, presumably by inducing smooth muscle contractions in the internal genitalia. However, while it has been anecdotally used in donkeys, it has yet to be critically evaluated. This study aimed to compare behavioral and semen parameters in Catalan, Balearic, Amiata, and Miranda jacks treated with the PGF2α analogue cloprostenol sodium immediately prior to exposure to an estrus jenny. Nineteen donkeys were assigned in a crossover design to receive cloprostenol sodium (125µg, i.m.; n = 53 collections) or saline (1 mL, i.m.; n = 53 collections). There were no differences for erection (52/53 vs. 52/53) or ejaculation (52/53 vs. 48/53) for collection attempts assigned to saline or cloprostenol sodium, respectively. Cloprostenol sodium significantly hastened treatment-to-erection and treatment-to-ejaculation times from 12.0 ± 1.6 to 6.0 ± 1.6 min and from 14.0 ± 1.4 to 9.6 ± 1.4 min, respectively. Significant effects of breed and age were observed in behavioral and parameters, but there were no effects of cloprostenol sodium administration on semen parameters. In conclusion, cloprostenol sodium administration immediately prior to semen collection hastened time to collect semen in donkeys with no detrimental effects on semen quality and can be used by practitioners to circumvent long delays in donkey semen collection.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2231
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • donkey
  • ejaculation
  • erection
  • cloprostenol sodium
  • semen collection
  • Cloprostenol sodium
  • Donkey
  • Erection
  • Ejaculation
  • Semen collection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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