Hands off the wheel in autonomous vehicles? A systems perspective on over a million miles of field data

Subho S. Banerjee, Saurabh Jha, James Cyriac, Zbigniew T. Kalbarczyk, Ravishankar K. Iyer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Autonomous vehicle (AV) technology is rapidly becoming a reality on U.S. roads, offering the promise of improvements in traffic management, safety, and the comfort and efficiency of vehicular travel. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) reports that between 2014 and 2017, manufacturers tested 144 AVs, driving a cumulative 1,116,605 autonomous miles, and reported 5,328 disengagements and 42 accidents involving AVs on public roads. This paper investigates the causes, dynamics, and impacts of such AV failures by analyzing disengagement and accident reports obtained from public DMV databases. We draw several conclusions. For example, we find that autonomous vehicles are 15 - 4000Ã - worse than human drivers for accidents per cumulative mile driven; that drivers of AVs need to be as alert as drivers of non-AVs; and that the AVs' machine-learning-based systems for perception and decision-and-control are the primary cause of 64% of all disengagements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 48th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages586-597
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781538655955
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2018
Event48th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2018 - Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Duration: Jun 25 2018Jun 28 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - 48th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2018

Other

Other48th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks, DSN 2018
CountryLuxembourg
CityLuxembourg City
Period6/25/186/28/18

Keywords

  • Accident
  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Disengagement
  • Fault Characterization
  • Reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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