For more than 20 years, observation of the nondissipative Hall viscosity in the quantum Hall effect has been impeded by the difficulty to probe directly the momentum of the two-dimensional electron gas. However, in three-dimensional systems such as superfluid He3-B, the momentum density is readily probed through transverse acoustic waves. We show that in a three-dimensional elastic medium supporting transverse waves, a nonvanishing Hall viscosity induces circular birefringence. Such an effect has been observed in He3-B in the presence of a weak magnetic field, and is known as the acoustic Faraday effect. The acoustic Faraday effect has been understood in terms of the Zeeman splitting of the excited order parameter modes, which support the transverse wave propagation in the superfluid. We show that the Zeeman effect can generically lead to a nonzero Hall viscosity coefficient, and confirm this prediction using a simple phenomenological model for the He3-B collective modes. Therefore, we claim that the observation of the acoustic Faraday effect can be leveraged to make a direct observation of the Hall viscosity in superfluid He3-B in a magnetic field and other systems such as the crystalline Tb3Ga5O12 material.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics