Growth of nanodiamond/carbon-nanotube composites with hot filament chemical vapor deposition

Nagraj Shankar, Nick G. Glumac, Min Feng Yu, S. P. Vanka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The growth of diamond/carbon-nanotube (CNT) composites by Hot Filament Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (HFCVD) was investigated. The growth was achieved by pre-dispersing commercially available multiwalled CNTs onto a Si(100) surface and subsequently growing diamond nanoparticles over this layer. The diamond/CNT composites were characterized with SEM, TEM, and Raman Spectroscopy. It was found that in a flow of 1% CH4 in H2 (a typical condition for microcrystalline diamond growth using HFCVD) most of the CNTs are destroyed by the harsh growth conditions. Reduction in the etching of the CNTs was achieved by reducing the H2 partial pressure in the precursor flow. There exists an optimal between 2-5% of CH4 in H2 wherein the CNTs are not destroyed and the resulting diamond film retains a high percentage of its sp3 structure. The TEM analyses showed that nanometer sized diamond particles nucleate on the surface of the CNTs and grow radially outward. The retention of the CNT structure and the direct growth of the diamond on the CNTs, the two factors necessary for good load transfer between a matrix and reinforcement, suggest the possibility of using this material as a structural composite. Based on the characterization of the composite, a growth mechanism for diamond onto the CNTs was proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Diamond nucleation
  • Nanodiamond

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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