Group Working Relationships Coding System

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This coding system is designed to identify the general working climate exhibited in group interaction. It uses time sampling rather than event sampling, in that codes are not assigned to individual acts, but to short periods of interaction, generally 30 seconds. The basic distinctions in the system are based on an empirical analysis of decision-making groups by Poole (1983). In this research two different coding systems (Bales’ [1950] Interaction Process Analysis; Fisher’s [1970] Decision Proposal Coding System) were used to code ten groups. The resulting codings were combined and patterns of co-occurring acts were identified using clustering. The clusters were further interpreted through close qualitative analysis of transcripts. This enabled identification of a number of characteristic patterns in short segments of interaction. These were then grouped into higher-order patterns that provided the basis for the GWRCS categories. This coding system has been employed in multiple track analyses of decision making reported in Poole and Roth (1989) and in a study of conflict in juries by Poole and Dobosh (2010).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Handbook of Group Interaction Analysis
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781316286302
ISBN (Print)9781107113336
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Conflict
  • decision-making
  • group climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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