Grounding cultural syndromes: Body comportment and values in honor and dignity cultures

Hans Ijzerman, Dov Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The body is a carrier of relatively complex cultural values. Three experiments examined links between body comportment and honor (a cultural syndrome prizing female chastity, familial loyalty, and reputation). We put participants from nonhonor (Anglo-Americans; Experiment 1) and honor (Latinos; Experiment 2) cultures in upright versus slouched postures and primed them with honor versus control words. In our third experiment, we surveyed participants from nonhonor (native Dutch) and honor (Arab and Turkish Dutch) cultures about their attitudes toward honor-related violence and then measured posture change. Concerns with honor were embodied by men from honor cultures bi-directionally. For persons from nonhonor cultures, body posture can be connected to honor concerns, if participants are appropriately primed. However, with all else equal, the rejection of honor in such cultures is embodied in much the same way that men from honor cultures embody honor. Links between body comportment and values are not arbitrary but not simple either. The ways embodiments are conditioned by culture and gender are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-467
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Fingerprint

Posture
Hispanic Americans
Violence

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Dignity
  • Embodiment
  • Grounded cognition
  • Honor
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Grounding cultural syndromes : Body comportment and values in honor and dignity cultures. / Ijzerman, Hans; Cohen, Dov.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 41, No. 4, 01.06.2011, p. 456-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a69ed52ee03946e78eeb079e7767feb8,
title = "Grounding cultural syndromes: Body comportment and values in honor and dignity cultures",
abstract = "The body is a carrier of relatively complex cultural values. Three experiments examined links between body comportment and honor (a cultural syndrome prizing female chastity, familial loyalty, and reputation). We put participants from nonhonor (Anglo-Americans; Experiment 1) and honor (Latinos; Experiment 2) cultures in upright versus slouched postures and primed them with honor versus control words. In our third experiment, we surveyed participants from nonhonor (native Dutch) and honor (Arab and Turkish Dutch) cultures about their attitudes toward honor-related violence and then measured posture change. Concerns with honor were embodied by men from honor cultures bi-directionally. For persons from nonhonor cultures, body posture can be connected to honor concerns, if participants are appropriately primed. However, with all else equal, the rejection of honor in such cultures is embodied in much the same way that men from honor cultures embody honor. Links between body comportment and values are not arbitrary but not simple either. The ways embodiments are conditioned by culture and gender are discussed.",
keywords = "Culture, Dignity, Embodiment, Grounded cognition, Honor, Violence",
author = "Hans Ijzerman and Dov Cohen",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ejsp.806",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "456--467",
journal = "European Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0046-2772",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grounding cultural syndromes

T2 - Body comportment and values in honor and dignity cultures

AU - Ijzerman, Hans

AU - Cohen, Dov

PY - 2011/6/1

Y1 - 2011/6/1

N2 - The body is a carrier of relatively complex cultural values. Three experiments examined links between body comportment and honor (a cultural syndrome prizing female chastity, familial loyalty, and reputation). We put participants from nonhonor (Anglo-Americans; Experiment 1) and honor (Latinos; Experiment 2) cultures in upright versus slouched postures and primed them with honor versus control words. In our third experiment, we surveyed participants from nonhonor (native Dutch) and honor (Arab and Turkish Dutch) cultures about their attitudes toward honor-related violence and then measured posture change. Concerns with honor were embodied by men from honor cultures bi-directionally. For persons from nonhonor cultures, body posture can be connected to honor concerns, if participants are appropriately primed. However, with all else equal, the rejection of honor in such cultures is embodied in much the same way that men from honor cultures embody honor. Links between body comportment and values are not arbitrary but not simple either. The ways embodiments are conditioned by culture and gender are discussed.

AB - The body is a carrier of relatively complex cultural values. Three experiments examined links between body comportment and honor (a cultural syndrome prizing female chastity, familial loyalty, and reputation). We put participants from nonhonor (Anglo-Americans; Experiment 1) and honor (Latinos; Experiment 2) cultures in upright versus slouched postures and primed them with honor versus control words. In our third experiment, we surveyed participants from nonhonor (native Dutch) and honor (Arab and Turkish Dutch) cultures about their attitudes toward honor-related violence and then measured posture change. Concerns with honor were embodied by men from honor cultures bi-directionally. For persons from nonhonor cultures, body posture can be connected to honor concerns, if participants are appropriately primed. However, with all else equal, the rejection of honor in such cultures is embodied in much the same way that men from honor cultures embody honor. Links between body comportment and values are not arbitrary but not simple either. The ways embodiments are conditioned by culture and gender are discussed.

KW - Culture

KW - Dignity

KW - Embodiment

KW - Grounded cognition

KW - Honor

KW - Violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79959260480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79959260480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ejsp.806

DO - 10.1002/ejsp.806

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79959260480

VL - 41

SP - 456

EP - 467

JO - European Journal of Social Psychology

JF - European Journal of Social Psychology

SN - 0046-2772

IS - 4

ER -