Grazing allowance after the morning or afternoon milking for lactating cows fed a total mixed ration (TMR) enhances trans 11-18:1 and cis9,trans 11-18:2 (rumenic acid) in milk fat to different extents

Juan J Loor, F. D. Soriano, X. Lin, J. H. Herbein, C. E. Polan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During a 6-week period, three groups of 10 cows were fed a total mixed ration (TMR) only or fed the TMR plus access to mixed grass/clover pastures for 8 h after the morning (PAM) or afternoon (PPM) milking to determine the influence of voluntary pasture intake on profiles of biohydrogenation intermediates in milk fat. Cows in PAM had access to paddocks (0.2 ha per day) from 03:00 to 11:00 h, whereas cows in PPM were allowed to graze from 15:00 to 22:00 h. Estimated intake of dry matter (DM) from the TMR by cows within groups was 25, 20, or 16 kg per day, respectively, for TMR, PAM, or PPM. Milk yield was not affected by treatments averaging 31 kg per day, and concentrations and yields of milk components were also unaffected. Milk fat concentration of trans 10-18:1 was higher for cows fed TMR compared with PAM or PPM. In contrast, concentrations of trans 11-18:1 in milk fat from cows fed PAM (20 mg/g total fatty acids) or PPM (24 mg/g) was higher compared with those fed the TMR (14 mg/g). Cows fed PAM or PPM also had greater concentrations of cis9,trans 11-18: 2 (9 or 10 mg/g) compared with those fed TMR (6 mg/g). Thus, daily yields of trans 11-18:1 averaged 17, 20, and 13 g per day and yields of cis9,trans 11-18: 2 were 8, 8, and 5 g per day, respectively, for cows fed PAM, PPM, or TMR. Responses (except for cis9,trans 11-18:2 yield) were higher when PPM was fed, compared with PAM. Concentration of 18:3n - 3 in milk fat from cows fed PAM or PPM increased by 60% compared with cows fed TMR only. Pasture intake also resulted in two-fold increases in concentrations of trans 11,cis15-18:2, an intermediate of 18:3n - 3 hydrogenation, in milk fat. Milk fat concentrations of trans 11-18:1, cis9,trans 11-18:2, and trans 11,cis15-18:2 were positively correlated with 18:3n - 3 concentration. Results suggest daily access to pasture for 8 h can substantially increase concentrations of 18:3n - 3, trans 11,cis15-18:2, cis9,trans 11-18:2, and trans 11-18:1 in milk fat of cows dependent on a TMR for the majority of their nutrients. Although desaturation of rumen-derived vaccenic acid seems to account for the majority of milk fat cis9,trans 11-18:2 in grazing cows, data also showed that vaccenic acid desaturation may be independent of its concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-119
Number of pages15
JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
Volume109
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2003

Keywords

  • Biohydrogenation
  • Rumenic acid
  • Trans 11,cis15-18:2
  • Vaccenic acid
  • Δ-desaturase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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