## Abstract

There are a number of models of coupled oscillator networks where the question of the stability of fixed points reduces to calculating the index of a graph Laplacian. Some examples of such models include the Kuramoto and Kuramoto-Sakaguchi equations as well as the swing equations, which govern the behavior of generators coupled in an electrical network. We show that the index calculation can be related to a dual calculation which is done on the first homology group of the graph, rather than the vertex space. We also show that this representation is computationally attractive for relatively sparse graphs, where the dimension of the first homology group is low, as is true in many applications. We also give explicit formulae for the dimension of the unstable manifold to a phase-locked solution for graphs containing one or two loops. As an application, we present some novel results for the Kuramoto model defined on a ring and compute the longest possible edge length for a stable solution.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1126-1151 |

Number of pages | 26 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 76 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2016 |

## Keywords

- Coupled oscillators
- Dynamics on networks
- Graph laplacian
- Kuramoto model
- Spectral graph theory

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Applied Mathematics