Graph-based design and control optimization of a hybrid electrical energy storage system

Cary Laird, Donald Docimo, Christopher T. Aksland, Andrew G. Alleyne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Hybrid energy storage systems are a popular alternative to traditional electrical energy storage mechanisms for electric vehicles. Consisting of multiple heterogeneous storage elements, these systems require thoughtful design and control techniques to ensure adequate electrical performance and minimal added weight. In this work, a graph-based design optimization framework is extended to facilitate design and control optimization of a battery-ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage system. For a given high ramp rate load profile, a hybrid electrical energy storage system consisting of battery and ultracapacitor packs with proportional-integral controllers is considered. A multi-objective optimization problem is formulated to simultaneously optimize sizing and performance of the system by minimizing mass and deviations from ideal controller performance. This optimization is achieved by adjusting the size of the energy storage system and parameters of the feedback controller. A Pareto curve is provided, which exhibits the tradeoffs between sizing and performance of the hybrid energy storage system. Dynamic simulation results demonstrate optimized designs outperform initial designs in both sizing and electrical performance objectives. The design and control optimization approach is shown to outperform a similar sizing optimization approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdaptive/Intelligent Sys. Control; Driver Assistance/Autonomous Tech.; Control Design Methods; Nonlinear Control; Robotics; Assistive/Rehabilitation Devices; Biomedical/Neural Systems; Building Energy Systems; Connected Vehicle Systems; Control/Estimation of Energy Systems; Control Apps.; Smart Buildings/Microgrids; Education; Human-Robot Systems; Soft Mechatronics/Robotic Components/Systems; Energy/Power Systems; Energy Storage; Estimation/Identification; Vehicle Efficiency/Emissions
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884270
StatePublished - 2020
EventASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Oct 5 2020Oct 7 2020

Publication series

NameASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020


ConferenceASME 2020 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2020
CityVirtual, Online

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization


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