GRACE-2: Integrating fine-grained application adaptation with global adaptation for saving energy

Vibhore Vardhan, Wanghong Yuan, Albert F. Harris, Sarita V. Adve, Robin H. Kravets, Klara Nahrstedt, Daniel G. Sachs, Douglas L. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Energy efficiency has become a primary design criterion for mobile multimedia devices. Prior work has proposed saving energy through coordinated adaptation in multiple system layers, in response to changing application demands and system resources. The scope and frequency of adaptation pose a fundamental conflict in such systems. The Illinois GRACE project addresses this conflict through a hierarchical solution which combines: 1) infrequent (expensive) global adaptation that optimises energy for all applications in the system, 2) frequent (cheap) per-application (orper-app) adaptation that optimises for a single application at a time. This paper demonstrates the benefits of the hierarchical adaptation through a second-generation prototype, GRACE-2. Specifically, it shows that in a network bandwidth constrained environment, per-app application adaptation yields significant energy benefits over and above global adaptation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-169
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Embedded Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Cross-layer adaptation
  • Hierarchical adaptation
  • Mobile devices
  • Multimedia applications
  • Power management
  • Resource management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture


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