Goal-framing and temporal-framing: Effects on the acceptance of childhood simple obesity prevention messages among preschool children’s caregivers in China

Qingmao Rao, Li Bai, L. V. Yalan, Abu Saleh Abdullah, Ian Brooks, Yunjie Xie, Yong Zhao, Xiaorong Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A range of intervention models are available for childhood obesity prevention; however, few studies have examined the effectiveness of intervention messages. This study developed childhood simple obesity prevention messages on the basis of goal-framing and temporal-framing effects to improve message acceptance among the caregivers of preschool children and explored associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 592 caregivers of preschool children in urban kindergartens in China during March to April 2019. The framing messages were developed based on prospect theory and construal level theory. The majority (48.4%) of caregivers found the gain-framed, present-oriented message most salient for acceptance. We found that gender, education background, theme, and the use of negative words have impacts on goal-framing effects; and previous participation in a health related intervention, career category, and the theme have impacts on temporal-framing effects (p < 0.001). Goal-framing effects and temporal-framing effects can influence each other (p < 0.001). The findings suggest that the gain-framed, present-oriented message could be considered a strategy to improve the acceptance of information by caregivers. When framing a message, subtle differences like using negative words might affect the exertion of framing effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number770
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acceptance
  • Caregivers
  • Goal-framing effects
  • Health message
  • Temporal-framing effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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