Global importance measure methodology for integrated probabilistic risk assessment

Tatsuya Sakurahara, Seyed Reihani, Ernie Kee, Zahra Mohaghegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An integrated probabilistic risk assessment framework combines spatio-temporal probabilistic simulations of underlying failure mechanisms with classical probabilistic risk assessment logic consisting of event trees and fault trees. The importance measure methods commonly used in classical probabilistic risk assessment, for example, Fussell–Vesely importance measure and Risk Achievement Worth, generate the ranking of components at the basic event level utilizing the one-at-a-time and local methods. These classical importance measure methods, however, are not sufficient for integrated probabilistic risk assessment where, in addition to the component-level risk importance ranking, the ranking of risk-contributing factors (e.g. physical design parameters) associated with the underlying failure mechanisms is desired. In this research, the global importance measure method is suggested and implemented for the integrated probabilistic risk assessment framework. The global importance measure can account for four key aspects of integrated probabilistic risk assessment, including (a) ranking of input parameters at the failure mechanism level based on the contribution to the system risk metrics, (b) uncertainty of input parameters, (c) non-linearity and interactions among input parameters inside the model, and (d) uncertainty associated with the system risk estimates; therefore, it enhances the accuracy of risk importance ranking when the risk model has a high level of non-linearity, interactions, and uncertainties. This article shows (a) qualitative justifications for the selection of the global importance measure method for the integrated probabilistic risk assessment framework and (b) quantitative proof of concept using three case studies, including two illustrative fault tree examples and one practical application of the integrated probabilistic risk assessment framework for Generic Safety Issue 191 at nuclear power plants (a sump blockage issue following a loss-of-coolant accident).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-396
Number of pages20
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability
Volume234
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Global importance measure analysis
  • integrated probabilistic risk assessment
  • risk importance ranking
  • risk-informed decision-making
  • uncertainty quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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