Global complexity effects due to local damping in a nonlinear system in 1:3 internal resonance

Malte Krack, Lawrence Bergman, Alexander F. Vakakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is well known that nonlinearity may lead to localization effects and coupling of internally resonant modes. However, research focused primarily on conservative systems commonly assumes that the near-resonant forced response closely follows the autonomous dynamics. Our results for even a simple system of two coupled oscillators with a cubic spring clearly contradict this common belief. We demonstrate analytically and numerically global effects of a weak local damping source in a harmonically forced nonlinear system under condition of 1:3 internal resonance: the global motion becomes asynchronous, i.e., mode complexity is introduced with a non-trivial phase difference between the modal oscillations. In particular, we show that a maximum mode complexity with a phase difference of 90 is attained in a multi-harmonic sense. This corresponds to a transition from generalized standing to traveling waves in the system’s modal space. We further demonstrate that the localization is crucially affected by the system’s damping. Finally, we propose an extension of the definition of mode complexity and mode localization to nonlinear quasi-periodic motions and illustrate their application to a quasi-periodic regime in the forced response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1083-1094
Number of pages12
JournalArchive of Applied Mechanics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Damping
  • Dissipation
  • Modal interaction
  • Mode complexity
  • Multiple scales
  • Nonlinear normal modes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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