Geometry of scour hole around, and the influence of the angle of attack on the burial of finite cylinders under combined flows

Yovanni A. Cataño-Lopera, Marcelo Horacio Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to investigate the geometry of the scour hole and flow structure around short cylinders under the action of waves alone (WA) and combined flows (CF). The study is aimed at better understanding the dynamics of isolated objects on a sandy floor under oscillatory flows as occurs in shallow water regions in coastal areas. Flow velocities within the fluid core were recorded and 3D mapping of the bottom was performed with sub-aquatic acoustic sensors. Experiments were conducted for cylinder Reynolds wave number and Keulegan-Carpenter number within the ranges 104≤Re≤1.7×105 and 2≤KC≤71, respectively. The present experimental evidence shows that the geometric characteristics of the scour hole (length and width) depend primarily on the Keulegan-Carpenter number (KC) and the cylinder aspect ratio (ar = Lc / D). The effect of variation in the angle of attack of the flow with respect to the cylinder main axis was also investigated. Initial orientations of zero and ninety degrees were found to be stable while cylinders with intermediate initial orientations tended to orientate their main axes perpendicular to the flow direction. The final angle of orientation was found to be primarily a function of the Shields parameter, θ, and the initial angle of attack, αi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)856-869
Number of pages14
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume34
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Keywords

  • Angle of attack
  • Combined flows
  • Cylinders
  • Objects burial
  • Scour hole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

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