Geometric classification of open-cell metal foams using X-ray micro-computed tomography

Jessica Bock, Anthony M. Jacobi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The geometry of foams has long been an area of interest, and a number of idealized geometric descriptions have been proposed. In order to acquire detailed, quantitative, geometric data for aluminum open-cell metal foams, X-ray μCT is employed. The X-ray μCT images are analyzed using specialized software, FoamView® from which geometric information including strut length and pore shapes are extracted. The X-ray μCT analysis allows comparison of the ideal geometric models to the actual geometric characteristics of the metal foam samples. The results reveal a high variability in ligament length, as well as features supporting the ideal geometry known as the Weaire–Phelan unit cell. The geometric findings provide information useful for improving current models of open-cell metal foam. Applications can range from predicting heat transfer or load failure to predicting liquid retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Characterization
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • Foam
  • Geometry
  • Kelvin
  • Metal
  • Open-cell
  • Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Geometric classification of open-cell metal foams using X-ray micro-computed tomography'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this