Geochemical Transport

Jiří Šimůnek, Albert J. Valocchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Geochemical models can be divided into two major groups: those with specific chemistry and general models. Models with specific chemistry are limited in the number of species they can handle, and their application is quite restricted to problems having a prescribed chemical system. Typical examples of models with specified chemistry are those simulating the transport of major ions such as Leaching Estimation And CHemistry Model, and UNSATCHEM, or reclamation models. The UNSATCHEM model takes into account effects of solution composition on hydraulic properties. Models with generalized chemistry provide users with much more freedom in designing their particular chemical systems; possible applications of these models are also much wider. This chapter provides an overview of the mathematical equations representing the major chemical reactions and governing transport processes, discusses how these equations can be implemented in reaction multispecies transport models, and describes several possible applications relevant to soil scientists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods of Soil Analysis, Part 4
Subtitle of host publicationPhysical Methods
PublisherWiley
Pages1511-1536
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780891188933
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Geochemical reaction equations
  • Geochemical transport models
  • Hydraulic properties
  • Mass-balance transport equations
  • Multicomponent transport
  • Reactive multispecies solute transport models
  • Reclamation models
  • Soil environmental sciences
  • Soil solution composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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