Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia

Hilary G. Morrison, Andrew G. McArthur, Frances D. Gillin, Stephen B. Aley, Rodney D. Adam, Gary J. Olsen, Aaron A. Best, W. Zacheus Cande, Feng Chen, Michael J. Cipriano, Barbara J. Davids, Scott C. Dawson, Heidi G. Elmendorf, Adrian B. Hehl, Michael E. Holder, Susan M. Huse, Ulandt U. Kim, Erica Lasek-Nesselquist, Gerard Manning, Anuranjini NigamJulie E.J. Nixon, Daniel Palm, Nora E. Passamaneck, Anjali Prabhu, Claudia I. Reich, David S. Reiner, John Samuelson, Staffan G. Svard, Mitchell L. Sogin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The genome of the eukaryotic protist Giardia lamblia, an important human intestinal parasite, is compact in structure and content, contains few introns or mitochondrial relics, and has simplified machinery for DNA replication, transcription, RNA processing, and most metabolic pathways. Protein kinases comprise the single largest protein class and reflect Giardia's requirement for a complex signal transduction network for coordinating differentiation. Lateral gene transfer from bacterial and archaeal donors has shaped Giardia's genome, and previously unknown gene families, for example, cysteine-rich structural proteins, have been discovered. Unexpectedly, the genome shows little evidence of heterozygosity, supporting recent speculations that this organism is sexual. This genome sequence will not only be valuable for investigating the evolution of eukaryotes, but will also be applied to the search for new therapeutics for this parasite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1921-1926
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume317
Issue number5846
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2007

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Giardia lamblia
Parasites
Genome
Giardia
Horizontal Gene Transfer
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Eukaryota
DNA Replication
Introns
Protein Kinases
Cysteine
Signal Transduction
Proteins
RNA
Genes
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Morrison, H. G., McArthur, A. G., Gillin, F. D., Aley, S. B., Adam, R. D., Olsen, G. J., ... Sogin, M. L. (2007). Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia. Science, 317(5846), 1921-1926. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1143837

Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia. / Morrison, Hilary G.; McArthur, Andrew G.; Gillin, Frances D.; Aley, Stephen B.; Adam, Rodney D.; Olsen, Gary J.; Best, Aaron A.; Cande, W. Zacheus; Chen, Feng; Cipriano, Michael J.; Davids, Barbara J.; Dawson, Scott C.; Elmendorf, Heidi G.; Hehl, Adrian B.; Holder, Michael E.; Huse, Susan M.; Kim, Ulandt U.; Lasek-Nesselquist, Erica; Manning, Gerard; Nigam, Anuranjini; Nixon, Julie E.J.; Palm, Daniel; Passamaneck, Nora E.; Prabhu, Anjali; Reich, Claudia I.; Reiner, David S.; Samuelson, John; Svard, Staffan G.; Sogin, Mitchell L.

In: Science, Vol. 317, No. 5846, 28.09.2007, p. 1921-1926.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morrison, HG, McArthur, AG, Gillin, FD, Aley, SB, Adam, RD, Olsen, GJ, Best, AA, Cande, WZ, Chen, F, Cipriano, MJ, Davids, BJ, Dawson, SC, Elmendorf, HG, Hehl, AB, Holder, ME, Huse, SM, Kim, UU, Lasek-Nesselquist, E, Manning, G, Nigam, A, Nixon, JEJ, Palm, D, Passamaneck, NE, Prabhu, A, Reich, CI, Reiner, DS, Samuelson, J, Svard, SG & Sogin, ML 2007, 'Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia', Science, vol. 317, no. 5846, pp. 1921-1926. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1143837
Morrison HG, McArthur AG, Gillin FD, Aley SB, Adam RD, Olsen GJ et al. Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia. Science. 2007 Sep 28;317(5846):1921-1926. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1143837
Morrison, Hilary G. ; McArthur, Andrew G. ; Gillin, Frances D. ; Aley, Stephen B. ; Adam, Rodney D. ; Olsen, Gary J. ; Best, Aaron A. ; Cande, W. Zacheus ; Chen, Feng ; Cipriano, Michael J. ; Davids, Barbara J. ; Dawson, Scott C. ; Elmendorf, Heidi G. ; Hehl, Adrian B. ; Holder, Michael E. ; Huse, Susan M. ; Kim, Ulandt U. ; Lasek-Nesselquist, Erica ; Manning, Gerard ; Nigam, Anuranjini ; Nixon, Julie E.J. ; Palm, Daniel ; Passamaneck, Nora E. ; Prabhu, Anjali ; Reich, Claudia I. ; Reiner, David S. ; Samuelson, John ; Svard, Staffan G. ; Sogin, Mitchell L. / Genomic minimalism in the early diverging intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia. In: Science. 2007 ; Vol. 317, No. 5846. pp. 1921-1926.
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