Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Pattern Profiling of the Aquaporin Gene Family in Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Qiuxia Zeng, Haifeng Jia, Yaying Ma, Liangwei Xu, Ray Ming, Jingjing Yue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aquaporins (AQPs) are mainly responsible for the transportation of water and other small molecules such as CO2 and H2O2, and they perform diverse functions in plant growth, in development, and under stress conditions. They are also active participants in cell signal transduction in plants. However, little is known about AQP diversity, biological functions, and protein characteristics in papaya. To better understand the structure and function of CpAQPs in papaya, a total of 29 CpAQPs were identified and classified into five subfamilies. Analysis of gene structure and conserved motifs revealed that CpAQPs exhibited a degree of conservation, with some differentiation among subfamilies. The predicted interaction network showed that the PIP subfamily had the strongest protein interactions within the subfamily, while the SIP subfamily showed extensive interaction with members of the PIP, TIP, NIP, and XIP subfamilies. Furthermore, the analysis of CpAQPs’ promoters revealed a large number of cis-elements participating in light, hormone, and stress responses. CpAQPs exhibited different expression patterns in various tissues and under different stress conditions. Collectively, these results provided a foundation for further functional investigations of CpAQPs in ripening, as well as leaf, flower, fruit, and seed development. They also shed light on the potential roles of CpAQP genes in response to environmental factors, offering valuable insights into their biological functions in papaya.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17276
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • abiotic and biotic stress
  • aquaporins
  • expression pattern
  • fruit development
  • papaya

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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