Genome-wide association mapping of Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat using genotyping-by-sequencing

Marcio P. Arruda, Patrick Brown, Gina Brown-Guedira, Allison M. Krill, Carrie Thurber, Keith R. Merrill, Bradley J. Foresman, Frederic L. Kolb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fusarium head blight (FHB) is one of the most important wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) diseases worldwide, and host resistance displays complex genetic control. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed on 273 winter wheat breeding lines from the midwestern and eastern regions of the United States to identify chromosomal regions associated with FHB resistance. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was used to identify 19,992 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering all 21 wheat chromosomes. Marker-trait associations were performed with different statistical models, the most appropriate being a compressed mixed linear model (cMLM) controlling for relatedness and population structure. Ten significant SNP-trait associations were detected on chromosomes 4A, 6A, 7A, 1D, 4D, and 7D, and multiple SNPs were associated with Fhb1 on chromosome 3B. Although combination of favorable alleles of these SNPs resulted in lower levels of severity (SEV), incidence (INC), and deoxynivalenol concentration (DON), lines carrying multiple beneficial alleles were in very low frequency for most traits. These SNPs can now be used for creating new breeding lines with different combinations of favorable alleles. This is one of the first GWAS using genomic resources from the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlant Genome
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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    Arruda, M. P., Brown, P., Brown-Guedira, G., Krill, A. M., Thurber, C., Merrill, K. R., Foresman, B. J., & Kolb, F. L. (2016). Genome-wide association mapping of Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat using genotyping-by-sequencing. Plant Genome, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2015.04.0028