A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was applied to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with resistance to Heterodera glycines (HG) also known as the soybean cyst nematode (SCN) in the core collection of common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris. There were 84,416 SNPs identified in 363 common bean accessions. GWAS identified SNPs on chromosome (Chr) 1 that were significantly associated with resistance to HG type 2.5.7. These SNPs were in linkage disequilibrium with a gene cluster orthologous to the three genes at the Rhg1 locus in soybean. A novel signal on Chr 7 was detected and associated with resistance to HG type 184.108.40.206.6.7. Genomic predictions (GPs) for resistance to these two SCN HG types in common bean achieved prediction accuracy of 0.52 and 0.41, respectively. Our study generated a high-quality SNP panel for 363 common bean accessions and demonstrated that both GWAS and GP were effective strategies to understand the genetic architecture of SCN resistance in common bean.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science