Genome size variation in Zea mays ssp. mays adapted to different altitudes

A Lane Rayburn, J. A. Auger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies have indicated a positive correlation between genome size and altitude among plant species. It has been hypothesized that increasing genome size occurs due to increasing C-banded heterochromatin. In corn, increasing altitude has been correlated with decreasing knob (C-banded) heterochromatin, suggesting that DNA content may decrease with increasing altitude. In this study, nuclear DNA content of 12 southwestern United States Indian maize populations, collected at various altitudes, was determined. The significant positive correlation observed between genome size and altitude suggests that corn follows the trend of increasing DNA content with increasing altitude observed in other plant species. Whether this correlation is due to increasing knob heterochromatin or additional intra- or supernumerary chromosomal DNA sequences has yet to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1990

Keywords

  • Corn
  • Flow cytometry
  • Genome size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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