Genome size evolution in the beetle genus Diabrotica

Dimpal Lata, Brad S. Coates, Kimberly K.O. Walden, Hugh M. Robertson, Nicholas J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Diabrocite corn rootworms are one of the most economically significant pests of maize in the United States and Europe and an emerging model for insect-plant interactions. Genome sizes of several species in the genus Diabrotica were estimated using flow cytometry along with that of Acalymma vittatum as an outgroup. Genome sizes ranged between 1.56 and 1.64 gigabase pairs and between 2.26 and 2.59Gb, respectively, for the Diabrotica subgroups fucata and virgifera; the Acalymma vittatum genome size was around 1.65Gb. This result indicated that a substantial increase in genome size occurred in the ancestor of the virgifera group. Further analysis of the fucata group and the virgifera group genome sequencing reads indicated that the genome size difference between the Diabrotica subgroups could be attributed to a higher content of transposable elements, mostly miniature inverted-transposable elements and gypsy-like long terminal repeat retroelements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjkac052
JournalG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • MITEs
  • corn rootworm
  • genome size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology


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