Higher eukaryotic cell nuclei are highly compartmentalized into bodies and structural assemblies of specialized functions. Nuclear speckles/IGCs are one of the most prominent nuclear bodies, yet their functional significance remains largely unknown. Recent advances in sequence-based mapping of nuclear genome organization now provide genome-wide analysis of chromosome organization relative to nuclear speckles. Here we review older microscopy-based studies on a small number of genes with the new genomic mapping data suggesting a significant fraction of the genome is almost deterministically positioned near nuclear speckles. Both microscopy and genomic-based approaches support the concept of the nuclear speckle periphery as a major active chromosomal compartment which may play an important role in fine-tuning gene regulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology