Genistein inhibits intestinal cell proliferation in piglets

An Chian Chen, Mark A. Berhow, Kelly A. Tappenden, Sharon M. Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Currently 15% of U.S. infants are fed soy formulas that contain up to 14 mg of genistein equivalents/L. Our goal was to investigate the impact of dietary genistein on intestinal development. Piglets (n = 8/group) were fed sow milk replacer (MR), MR + 1 mg/L of genistein (LG), or MR + 14 mg/L of genistein (HG) for 10 d. Formula intake, weight gain, and intestinal length and weight were similar in all groups. Average serum genistein concentration in the HG group was similar to that of soy formula-fed infants. No significant effects of genistein on enterocyte apoptosis, lactase, and sucrase activities or electrophysiologic measures were observed in jejunum or ileum. Jejunal and ileal villus heights were not significantly different, but the percentage of proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive jejunal crypt cells in the HG was reduced 50% compared with that in MR and LG (p = 0.001), indicating decreased proliferation. Enterocyte migration distance in the HG group tended to be 20% less (p = 0.1) than LG or MR. Jejunal estrogen receptor β mRNA expression in HG was half of that in LG (p = 0.05), but neither was significantly different from MR. In conclusion, genistein at the level present in soy infant formula is bioactive in the small intestine and results in reduced enterocyte proliferation and migration. The lack of effect of genistein on nutrient transport and enzyme activity suggests that the impact of genistein is greater on proliferating versus differentiated intestinal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Research
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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