Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes

Anna V Kukekova, Lyudmila N. Trut, Gregory M. Acland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Dog domestication involved long-term genetic selection for behavior. The genetics-centered view of domestication is supported by experimental selection of farm-foxes (Vulpes vulpes) that began in the 1950s. Selection of foxes, separately, for tame and for aggressive behavior, has yielded two strains with markedly different, genetically determined behavioral phenotypes. Tame-strain foxes communicate with humans in a positive manner and are eager to establish human contact. Foxes from aggressive strains are aggressive to humans and difficult to handle. Although selected solely for behavior, changes in physiology, morphology, and appearance with significant parallels to characteristics of the domestic dog, were observed in tame-strain. Ongoing research is focused on identification of molecular genetic mechanisms associated with selection of foxes for behavior. Identification of behavioral loci in the fox genome in the region which is homologous to the region in the dog genome that differentiates dogs from wolves lead to the hypothesis that domesticated behavior in dogs and foxes may have similar genetic bases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages361-396
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9780123945860
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

foxes
Dogs
dogs
Genes
Physiology
Farms
domestication
genome
Genome
Vulpes vulpes
wolves
behavior change
Genetics
molecular genetics
genetic background
Genetic Selection
aggression
physiology
Molecular Biology
phenotype

Keywords

  • Aggressive
  • Dogs
  • Farm
  • Foxes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kukekova, A. V., Trut, L. N., & Acland, G. M. (2014). Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes. In Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals (pp. 361-396). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X

Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes. / Kukekova, Anna V; Trut, Lyudmila N.; Acland, Gregory M.

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals. Elsevier Inc., 2014. p. 361-396.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kukekova, AV, Trut, LN & Acland, GM 2014, Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes. in Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals. Elsevier Inc., pp. 361-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X
Kukekova AV, Trut LN, Acland GM. Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes. In Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals. Elsevier Inc. 2014. p. 361-396 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X
Kukekova, Anna V ; Trut, Lyudmila N. ; Acland, Gregory M. / Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes. Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals. Elsevier Inc., 2014. pp. 361-396
@inbook{4df11f94429a40bc913e2038076f730d,
title = "Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes",
abstract = "Dog domestication involved long-term genetic selection for behavior. The genetics-centered view of domestication is supported by experimental selection of farm-foxes (Vulpes vulpes) that began in the 1950s. Selection of foxes, separately, for tame and for aggressive behavior, has yielded two strains with markedly different, genetically determined behavioral phenotypes. Tame-strain foxes communicate with humans in a positive manner and are eager to establish human contact. Foxes from aggressive strains are aggressive to humans and difficult to handle. Although selected solely for behavior, changes in physiology, morphology, and appearance with significant parallels to characteristics of the domestic dog, were observed in tame-strain. Ongoing research is focused on identification of molecular genetic mechanisms associated with selection of foxes for behavior. Identification of behavioral loci in the fox genome in the region which is homologous to the region in the dog genome that differentiates dogs from wolves lead to the hypothesis that domesticated behavior in dogs and foxes may have similar genetic bases.",
keywords = "Aggressive, Dogs, Farm, Foxes",
author = "Kukekova, {Anna V} and Trut, {Lyudmila N.} and Acland, {Gregory M.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780123945860",
pages = "361--396",
booktitle = "Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Genetics of Domesticated Behavior in Dogs and Foxes

AU - Kukekova, Anna V

AU - Trut, Lyudmila N.

AU - Acland, Gregory M.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Dog domestication involved long-term genetic selection for behavior. The genetics-centered view of domestication is supported by experimental selection of farm-foxes (Vulpes vulpes) that began in the 1950s. Selection of foxes, separately, for tame and for aggressive behavior, has yielded two strains with markedly different, genetically determined behavioral phenotypes. Tame-strain foxes communicate with humans in a positive manner and are eager to establish human contact. Foxes from aggressive strains are aggressive to humans and difficult to handle. Although selected solely for behavior, changes in physiology, morphology, and appearance with significant parallels to characteristics of the domestic dog, were observed in tame-strain. Ongoing research is focused on identification of molecular genetic mechanisms associated with selection of foxes for behavior. Identification of behavioral loci in the fox genome in the region which is homologous to the region in the dog genome that differentiates dogs from wolves lead to the hypothesis that domesticated behavior in dogs and foxes may have similar genetic bases.

AB - Dog domestication involved long-term genetic selection for behavior. The genetics-centered view of domestication is supported by experimental selection of farm-foxes (Vulpes vulpes) that began in the 1950s. Selection of foxes, separately, for tame and for aggressive behavior, has yielded two strains with markedly different, genetically determined behavioral phenotypes. Tame-strain foxes communicate with humans in a positive manner and are eager to establish human contact. Foxes from aggressive strains are aggressive to humans and difficult to handle. Although selected solely for behavior, changes in physiology, morphology, and appearance with significant parallels to characteristics of the domestic dog, were observed in tame-strain. Ongoing research is focused on identification of molecular genetic mechanisms associated with selection of foxes for behavior. Identification of behavioral loci in the fox genome in the region which is homologous to the region in the dog genome that differentiates dogs from wolves lead to the hypothesis that domesticated behavior in dogs and foxes may have similar genetic bases.

KW - Aggressive

KW - Dogs

KW - Farm

KW - Foxes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84882676228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84882676228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-394586-0.00010-X

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84882676228

SN - 9780123945860

SP - 361

EP - 396

BT - Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -