Genetically depauperate but widespread: The case of an emblematic Mediterranean pine

Giovanni G. Vendramin, Bruno Fady, Santiago C. González-Martínez, Feng Sheng Hu, Ivan Scotti, Federico Sebastiani, Álvaro Soto, Rémy J. Petit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Genetic variation is generally considered a prerequisite for adaptation to new environmental conditions. Thus the discovery of genetically depauperate but geographically widespread species is unexpected. We used 12 paternally inherited chloroplast microsatellites to estimate population genetic variation across the full range of an emblematic circum-Mediterranean conifer, stone pine (Pinus pinea L.). The same chloroplast DNA haplotype is fixed in nearly all of the 34 investigated populations. Such a low level of variation is consistent with a previous report of very low levels of diversity at nuclear loci in this species. Stone pine appears to have passed through a severe and prolonged demographic bottleneck, followed by subsequent natural- and human-mediated dispersal across the Mediterranean Basin. No other abundant and widespread plant species has as little genetic diversity as P. pinea at both chloroplast and nuclear markers. However, the species harbors a nonnegligible amount of variation at adaptive traits. Thus a causal relationship between genetic diversity, as measured by marker loci, and the evolutionary precariousness of a species, cannot be taken for granted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-688
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Chloroplast microsatellites
  • Conservation genetics
  • Diversity depletion
  • Human impact
  • Pinus pinea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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