Genetic signatures from amplification profiles characterize DNA mutation in somatic and radiation-induced sports of Chrysanthemum

R. N. Trigiano, M. C. Scott, G. Caetano-Anollés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzvelev.) cultivars 'Dark Charm', 'Salmon Charm', 'Coral Charm' and 'Dark Bronze Charm' are either radiation-induced mutants or spontaneous sports of 'Charm' and constitute a family or series of plants that primarily differ in flower color. These cultivars, which were difficult to differentiate genetically by DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF), were easily identified by using arbitrary signatures from amplification profiles (ASAP). Genomic DNA was first amplified with three standard octamer arbitrary primers, all of which produced monomorphic profiles. Products from each of these DNA fingerprints were subsequently reamplified using four minihairpin detainer primers. The 12 primer combinations produced signatures containing ≃37% polymorphic character loci, which were used to estimate genetic relationships between cultivars. Forty-six (32%) unique amplification products were associated with individual cultivars. The number of ASAP polymorphisms detected provided an estimate of the mutation rate in the mutant cultivars, ranging from 0.03% to 1.6% of nucleotide changes within an average of 18 kb of arbitrary amplified DAF sequence. The ASAP technique permits the clear genetic identification of somatic mutants and radiation-induced sports that are genetically highly homogeneous and should facilitate marker assisted breeding and protection of plant breeders rights of varieties or cultivars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-646
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Volume123
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chrysanthemum
  • Cultivar families
  • Cultivar identification
  • DAF and ASAP analyses
  • Dendranthema grandiflora
  • Mutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Horticulture

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