Genetic mapping of the Gy4 and Gy5 glycinin genes in soybean and the analysis of a variant of Gy4

B. W. Diers, V. Beilinson, N. C. Nielsen, R. C. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The predominant storage protein of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] seed is a globulin called glycinin. Thus far five genes encoding glycinin subunits have been described, and these are denoted by the gene symbols Gy1 to Gy5. The objectives of this study were to map two of these genes, Gy4 and Gy5, and to conduct a genetic analysis of a subunit size-variant from an allele of Gy4. For this purpose a population was formed with an interspecific cross between PI 468916 (G. soja) and A81-356022 (G. max). The two size forms of G4, the subunit from Gy4, segregated codominantly in the mapping population, and were due to a short insertion in the hypervariable region of the mutant protein. The biochemical and molecular characteristics of the two subunits indicate that they are produced from alternate alleles of the same gene. The gene symbols Gya and Gyb have been assigned to the normal and variant genes, respectively. When genomic DNA from the two parents was probed with a Gy4 cDNA, RFLPs were identified for both Gy4 and Gy5. Using these genetic markers, the Gy4 and Gy5 glycinin genes were mapped in linkage group "O" and "F" on the public soybean genomic map.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-304
Number of pages8
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Genome
  • RFLP
  • Storage protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics


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