Genetic mapping of sorghum resistance to an Illinois isolate of Colletotrichum sublineola

Ashmita Khanal, Pragya Adhikari, Christopher Kaiser, Alexander E. Lipka, Tiffany M. Jamann, Santiago X. Mideros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anthracnose leaf blight (ALB) is an economically important disease of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] caused by the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum sublineola Henn. ex Sacc. & Trotter. Although qualitative and quantitative resistance have been identified for ALB, the usefulness of resistance loci differs depending on the pathogen pathotype. Identifying resistance effective against unique pathogen pathotypes is critical to managing ALB, as the disease is managed primarily through the deployment of host resistance. We isolated C. sublineola from ALB-infected leaves collected in Illinois and found that the strain was a novel pathotype, as it produced a unique combination of virulence against a set of differential lines. Using this isolate, we inoculated 579 temperate-adapted sorghum conversion lines in 2019 and 2020. We then conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a metabolic pathway analysis using the Pathway Associated Study Tool (PAST). We identified 47 significant markers distributed across all chromosomes except chromosome 8. We identified 32 candidate genes based on physical proximity with significant markers, some of which have a known role in host defense. We identified 47 pathways associated with ALB resistance, indicating a role for secondary metabolism in defense to ALB. Our results are important to improve the understanding of the genetic basis of ALB resistance in sorghum and highlight the importance of developing durable resistance to ALB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlant Genome
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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