Genetic and molecular characterization of vernalization genes Vrn-A1 , Vrn-B1, and Vrn-D1 in spring wheat germplasm from the pacific northwest region of the U.S.A

D. K. Santra, M. Santra, R. E. Allan, K. G. Campbell, K. K. Kidwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the Vrn-1 allelic composition of spring wheat germplasm from the Pacific Northwest region of the USA, Individual plants from 56 spring wheat lines were crossed to near-isogenic tester lines carrying the dominant allele VrnA1, Vm-B1 or Vm-D1. F2 progeny were evaluated for growth habit in the field and Vrn-1 allelic composition was determined through chisquare analysis. Lines also were analysed with DNA sequence-based Vrn-1 allele-specific markers. A. majority of the germplasm carried the dominant allele Vrn-A1a alone or in combination with Vrn-B1, Vrn-D1 or Vrn-B3 alleles. Vrn-B1 and Vrn-D1 were almost always associated with other dominant Vrn-1 allele(s). Based on DNA sequence analysis, a novel Vrn-B1 allele referred to as V-B1b, which carried a single nucleotide polymorphism. (SNP) and a 36 bp deletion, was identified in cultivar 'Alpowa'. These results will be useful to wheat breeders for choosing parents with different Vrn-1 alleles for crossing to maximize diversity at the Vrn-1 loci with, an expectation of identifying superior Vrn-1 allelic combinations for cultivar improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-584
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume128
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Near isogenic line
  • Spring growth habit
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Vernalization
  • Wheat breeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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