Genetic and Environmental Associations Between Child Personality and Parenting

Mona Ayoub, Daniel A. Briley, Andrew Grotzinger, Megan W. Patterson, Laura E. Engelhardt, Jennifer L. Tackett, K. Paige Harden, Elliot M. Tucker-Drob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Parenting is often conceptualized in terms of its effects on offspring. However, children may also play an active role in influencing the parenting they receive. Simple correlations between parenting and child outcomes may be due to parent-to-child causation, child-to-parent causation, or some combination of the two. We use a multirater, genetically informative, large sample (n = 1,411 twin sets) to gain traction on this issue as it relates to parental warmth and stress in the context of child Big Five personality. Considerable variance in parental warmth (27%) and stress (45%) was attributable to child genetic influences on parenting. Incorporating child Big Five personality into the model roughly explained half of this variance. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that parents mold their parenting in response to their child’s personality. Residual heritability of parenting is likely due to child characteristics beyond the Big Five.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-721
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Keywords

  • Big Five
  • behavior genetics
  • parenting
  • personality
  • personality development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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  • Cite this

    Ayoub, M., Briley, D. A., Grotzinger, A., Patterson, M. W., Engelhardt, L. E., Tackett, J. L., Harden, K. P., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2019). Genetic and Environmental Associations Between Child Personality and Parenting. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10(6), 711-721. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550618784890