Generalized analog thresholding for spike acquisition at ultralow sampling rates

Bryan D. He, Alex Wein, Lav R. Varshney, Julius Kusuma, Andrew G. Richardson, Lakshminarayan Srinivasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Efficient spike acquisition techniques are needed to bridge the divide from creating large multielectrode arrays (MEA) to achieving whole-cortex electrophysiology. In this paper, we introduce generalized analog thresholding (gAT), which achieves millisecond temporal resolution with sampling rates as low as 10 Hz. Consider the torrent of data from a single 1,000-channel MEA, which would generate more than 3 GB/min using standard 30-kHz Nyquist sampling. Recent neural signal processing methods based on compressive sensing still require Nyquist sampling as a first step and use iterative methods to reconstruct spikes. Analog thresholding (AT) remains the best existing alternative, where spike waveforms are passed through an analog comparator and sampled at 1 kHz, with instant spike reconstruction. By generalizing AT, the new method reduces sampling rates another order of magnitude, detects more than one spike per interval, and reconstructs spike width. Unlike compressive sensing, the new method reveals a simple closed-form solution to achieve instant (noniterative) spike reconstruction. The base method is already robust to hardware nonidealities, including realistic quantization error and integration noise. Because it achieves these considerable specifications using hardware-friendly components like integrators and comparators, generalized AT could translate large-scale MEAs into implantable devices for scientific investigation and medical technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)746-760
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • brain initiative
  • finite rate of innovation
  • multielectrode arrays
  • spike acquisition
  • sub-Nyquist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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