General Characterization Methods for Photoelectrochemical Cells for Solar Water Splitting

Xinjian Shi, Lili Cai, Ming Ma, Xiaolin Zheng, Jong Hyeok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a very promising technology that converts water into clean hydrogen fuel and oxygen by using solar light. However, the characterization methods for PEC cells are diverse and a systematic introduction to characterization methods for PEC cells has rarely been attempted. Unlike most other review articles that focus mainly on the material used for the working electrodes of PEC cells, this review introduces general characterization methods for PEC cells, including their basic configurations and methods for characterizing their performance under various conditions, regardless of the materials used. Detailed experimental operation procedures with theoretical information are provided for each characterization method. The PEC research area is rapidly expanding and more researchers are beginning to devote themselves to related work. Therefore, the content of this Minireview can provide entry-level knowledge to beginners in the area of PEC, which might accelerate progress in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3192-3203
Number of pages12
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • characterization methods
  • electrochemistry
  • hydrogen
  • photochemistry
  • water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Energy


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