Gender Socialization in Latino/a Families: Results From Two Retrospective Studies

Marcela Raffaelli, Lenna L. Ontai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In this article, we present findings from 2 studies designed to explore gender-related socialization in Latino/a families. In Study 1, 22 adult Latinas (ages 20-45) completed in-depth interviews. In Study 2, 166 Latino/a college students (58% women; M age 21.4 years) completed self-report surveys. Study 1 findings suggest that many Latino/a parents socialize their daughters in ways that are marked by "traditional" gender-related expectations and messages. Results of Study 2, which included descriptive analyses and the creation of scales to explore family correlates of gender-related socialization, support and expand these findings. Male and female respondents described different experiences of household activities, socialization of gender-typed behavior, and freedom to pursue social activities or gain access to privileges. Parental characteristics, particularly gender role attitudes, were linked to gender-related socialization. Findings are discussed in light of the developmental and cultural literature on gender-related socialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalSex Roles
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender socialization
  • Latino/a families
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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