Gender-related differences in thrombogenic factors predicting recurrent cardiac events in patients after acute myocardial infarction

Vijay G. Kalaria, Wojciech Zareba, Arthur J. Moss, George Pancio, Victor J. Marder, James H. Morrissey, Harvey J. Weiss, Charles E. Sparks, Henry Greenberg, Edward Dwyer, Robert Goldstein, Luc F.Miller Watelet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thrombosis contributes to recurrent coronary events in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but prognostic significance of thrombogenic factors by gender is unknown. This study aimed to determine gender-related differences in the prognostic significance of thrombogenic factors for predicting cardiac events (non-fatal reinfarction or cardiac death) in postinfarction patients. Blood levels of the following factors were measured 2 months after AMI in 791 men and 254 women: fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, factor VII and VIIa, plasminogen activator inhibitor, D- dimer, cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-1, apolipoprotein B, lipoprotein(a), triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. After adjustment for clinical covariates, levels of apolipoprotein A, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fibrinogen, and factor VIIa were significantly higher in postinfarction women than men. During a mean 26-month follow-up, there were 67 cardiac events (8.5%) in men and 14 (5.5%) in women (p = 0.11). In the multivariate Cox model, elevated levels of factor VIIa were a significant predictor of cardiac events in women (p = 0.022) but not in men (p = 0.80), with significant gender-related effect (hazard ratio 2.80 vs 0.92, respectively; p < 0.05). D-dimer had prognostic value in men (p = 0.006) but not in women (p = 0.36), although the difference between hazard ratios for men and women was not significant (2.35 vs 1.58, respectively; p = 0.49). In conclusion, elevated levels of factor VIIa are associated with an increased risk of recurrent cardiac events in postinfarction women, but not in men. D- dimer is more predictive for cardiac events in postinfarction men than women. These observations indicate possible gender-related differences in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of recurrent cardiac events. (C) 2000 by Excerpta Medica, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1401-1408
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume85
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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