Gender, race, and subjective social class and their association with leisure preferences

Kimberly J. Shinew, Myron F. Floyd, Francis A. McGuire, Francis P. Noe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines the leisure preferences of subgroups defined by gender, race, and subjective social class. The multiple hierarchy stratification perspective and the class polarization perspective provided the theoretical rationale for the study, and a secondary data set from a national probability telephone survey was used. The interviews obtained information regarding the leisure preferences of adults age 21 to 65. From 2, 148 contacts, 1, 711 interviews were completed. The results provide partial support for the study's hypotheses. Poor‐working‐class Black women were distinct from White men and women and middle‐class Black men, but they were similar to the other Black groups. As hypothesized, the leisure preferences of middle‐class Black and White men were similar. However, contrary to the study's hypothesis, Black men of different classes did not exhibit greater dissimilarity when compared with Black women of different classes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-89
Number of pages15
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


  • Class polarization
  • Gender
  • Multiple hierarchy stratification perspective
  • Race
  • Social class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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