Garbage and Recycling with Endogenous Local Policy

Thomas C. Kinnaman, Don Fullerton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper estimates the impact of garbage fees and curbside recycling programs on garbage and recycling amounts. Without correction for endogenous policy, a price per bag of garbage has a negative effect on garbage and a positive cross-price effect on recycling. Correction for endogenous local policy increases the effect of the user fee on garbage and the effect of curbside recycling collection on recycling. Introducing a fee of $1 per bag is estimated to reduce garbage by 412 pounds per person per year (44%), but to increase recycling by only 30 pounds per person per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-442
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Urban Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies


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