Fusion Techniques for C1–C2 Instability

Paul M. Arnold, Megan M. Jack, Moshe Levenkopf, Alon Friedlander

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


C1–C2 instability, requiring atlantoaxial fusion, may result from a variety of conditions including trauma, congenital abnormalities, rheumatologic conditions, or tumors. The unique biomechanical complexities of the atlantoaxial junction have led to the development of several approaches to fixation and fusion of C1–C2. In this chapter, we will review the various fusion techniques available for C1–C2 instability, including their advantages and disadvantages, and provide an overview of surgical decision-making in atlantoaxial fusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNontraumatic Cervical Myelopathy
Subtitle of host publicationPathologies, Surgical Techniques, and Nuances
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781536172522
ISBN (Print)9781536172515
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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