FUSE deuterium observations: A strong case for galactic infall

Tijana Prodanović, Brian D. Fields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Measurements of deuterium in the local interstellar medium have revealed large variations in D/H along different lines of sight. Moreover, recent far-ultraviolet spectroscopic explorer (FUSE) measurements find D/H to be anticorrelated with several indicators of dust formation and survival, suggesting that interstellar deuterium suffers significant depletion onto dust grains. This in turn implies that the total deuterium abundance in the local Galactic disc could be as high as ∼84% of the primordial D abundance. Because deuterium is destroyed in stars, its abundance in the interstellar medium (ISM) also tells us about the fraction of material which has never been processed through stellar environments. Therefore, the new report of such high ISM deuterium abundance implies that most present-day interstellar baryons are unprocessed. It was proposed that the infall/accretion of pristine gas is needed to explain such a high deuterium abundance. However, we point out that the infall needed to maintain a high present-day D/H is, within the preferred models, in tension with observations that gas represents only some ∼20% of Galactic baryons, with the balance in stars. This small gas fraction implies that, integrated over Galactic history, most baryons have been sequestered into stars and stellar remnants. We study this tension in the context of a wide class of Galactic evolution models for baryonic processing through stars, which show that deuterium destruction is strongly and cleanly correlated with the drop in the gas fraction. We find that FUSE deuterium observations and Galactic gas fraction estimates can be reconciled in some models; these demand a significant infall rate of pristine material that almost completely balances the rate of star formation. These successful models also require that the average fraction of gas that is returned by dying stars is less than 40% of the initial stellar mass. Cosmological implications of dust depletion of D in high-redshift systems are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number003
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Volume2008
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Big bang nucleosynthesis
  • Galaxy evolution
  • Star formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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