Fusarium BP1 is a reader of H3K27 methylation

Guangfei Tang, Jianlong Yuan, Jing Wang, Yi Zhe Zhang, Si Si Xie, Hongkai Wang, Zeng Tao, Huiquan Liu, H. Corby Kistler, Youfu Zhao, Cheng Guo Duan, Wende Liu, Zhonghua Ma, Yun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Histone H3 lysine 27 methylation catalyzed by polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is conserved from fungi to humans and represses gene transcription. However, the mechanism for recognition of methylated H3K27 remains unclear, especially in fungi. Here, we found that the bromo-adjacent homology (BAH)-plant homeodomain (PHD) domain containing protein BAH-PHD protein 1 (BP1) is a reader of H3K27 methylation in the cereal fungal pathogen Fusarium graminearum. BP1 interacts with the core PRC2 component Suz12 and directly binds methylated H3K27. BP1 is distributed in a subset of genomic regions marked by H3K27me3 and co-represses gene transcription. The BP1 deletion mutant shows identical phenotypes on mycelial growth and virulence, as well as similar expression profiles of secondary metabolite genes to the strain lacking the H3K27 methyltransferase Kmt6. More importantly, BP1 can directly bind DNA through its PHD finger, which might increase nucleosome residence and subsequently reinforce transcriptional repression in H3K27me3-marked target regions. A phylogenetic analysis showed that BP1 orthologs are mainly conserved in fungi. Overall, our findings provide novel insights into the mechanism by which PRC2 mediates gene repression in fungi, which is distinct from the PRC1-PRC2 system in plants and mammals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10448-10464
Number of pages17
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume49
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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