Further thoughts on the evolution of pride's two facets: A response to Clark

Azim F. Shariff, Jessica L. Tracy, Joey T. Cheng, Joseph Henrich

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review


In Clark's thoughtful analysis of the evolution of the two facets of pride, he suggests that the concurrent existence of hubristic and authentic pride in humans represents a "persistence problem," wherein the vestigial trait (hubristic pride) continues to exist alongside the derived trait (authentic pride). In our view, evidence for the two facets does not pose a persistence problem; rather, hubristic and authentic pride both likely evolved as higher-order cognitive emotions that solve uniquely human-but distinct- evolutionary problems. Instead of being conceptualized as serial homologues, with one the vestigial form of the other, we argue that hubristic and authentic pride are both derived homologues of a vestigial proto-pride emotion that existed in our shared ancestry with other primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-400
Number of pages2
JournalEmotion Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • emotion
  • ethology
  • evolution
  • pride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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