From truth discovery to trustworthy opinion discovery: An uncertainty-aware quantitative modeling approach

Mengting Wan, Xiangyu Chen, Lance Kaplan, Jiawei Han, Jing Gao, Bo Zhao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this era of information explosion, conficts are often encountered when information is provided by multiple sources. Traditional truth discovery task aims to identify the truth - the most trustworthy information, from conficting sources in different scenarios. In this kind of tasks, truth is regarded as a fixed value or a set of fixed values. However, in a number of real-world cases, objective truth existence cannot be ensured and we can only identify single or multiple reliable facts from opinions. Different from traditional truth discovery task, we address this uncertainty and introduce the concept of trustworthy opinion of an entity, treat it as a random variable, and use its distribution to describe consistency or controversy, which is particularly difficult for data which can be numerically measured, i.e. quantitative information. In this study, we focus on the quantitative opinion, propose an uncertainty-aware approach called Kernel Density Estimation from Multiple Sources (KDEm) to estimate its probability distribution, and summarize trustworthy information based on this distribution. Experiments indicate that KDEm not only has outstanding performance on the classical numeric truth discovery task, but also shows good performance on multi-modality detection and anomaly detection in the uncertain-opinion setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKDD 2016 - Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1885-1894
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450342322
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2016
Event22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Aug 13 2016Aug 17 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Volume13-17-August-2016

Other

Other22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period8/13/168/17/16

Keywords

  • Kernel density estimation
  • Source reliability
  • Truth discovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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