From Prison to Homeland: The Cheyenne River Indian Reservation before WWI

Frederick E. Hoxie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The creation of the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation caused dramatic changes in the lives of the Sioux Indians who were forced to live there, especially from its founding in 1889 to World War I. Many US government programs attempted to assimilate the Indians and to destroy their Lakota culture. But rather than lead to a disintegration of tribal life, the reservation became a cultural homeland where the native Indian identity could be maintained. The Indians learned to adapt to the non-Indian institutions forced upon them and then used those institutions to defend and maintain their own traditional values and goals.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalSouth Dakota History
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1979


  • DAKOTA (North American people)
  • INDIGENOUS peoples of the Americas
  • IDENTITY (Philosophical concept)
  • FEDERAL aid
  • ASSIMILATION (Sociology)
  • CHEYENNE River Indian Reservation (S.D.)


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