Free-surface flow modeling and simulation of horizontal-axis tidal-stream turbines

J. Yan, X. Deng, A. Korobenko, Y. Bazilevs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A computational free-surface flow framework that enables 3D, time-dependent simulation of horizontal-axis tidal-stream turbines (HATTs) is presented and deployed using a complex-geometry HATT. Free-surface flow simulations using the proposed framework, without any empiricism, are able to accurately capture the effect of the free surface on the hydrodynamic performance of the turbine, as demonstrated through excellent agreement with the experimental data. To carry out the free-surface computations, we have developed a novel level-set redistancing procedure compatible with the sliding-interface technique used for handling the rotor-stator interaction in the HATT full-machine simulations. To illustrate the versatility of the proposed approach, additional computations are carried out where the HATT is subjected to wave action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalComputers and Fluids
StatePublished - Nov 24 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Free-surface flow
  • Horizontal-axis tidal-stream turbines (HATTs)
  • Level-set redistancing
  • Tidal energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Engineering


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