For certain orientations of Josephson junctions between two p x-wave or two d-wave superconductors, the subgap Andreev bound states produce a 4π-periodic relation between the Josephson current I and the phase difference φ: I ∝ sin(φ/2). Consequently, the ac Josephson current has the fractional frequency eV / ℏ, where V is the dc voltage. In the tunneling limit, the Josephson current is proportional to the first power (not square) of the electron tunneling amplitude. Thus, the Josephson current between unconventional superconductors is carried by single electrons, rather than by Cooper pairs. The fractional ac Josephson effect can be observed experimentally by measuring frequency spectrum of microwave radiation from the junction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur (Kharkov)|
|State||Published - Jul 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)