Fourteen-Electron Organoiron Species: Synthesis and Characterization of High-Spin Iron (II) Alkyls and the Crystal Structure of the Benzyl Derivative Fe(CH2C6H4CH3)2(dippe)

Ann R. Hermes, Gregory S Girolami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The four-coordinate iron phosphine complex FeBr2(dippe) (dippe = l,2-bis(diisopropylphosphino)ethane) can be alkylated with Grignard or dialkylmagnesium reagents to give the unusual 14-electron iron(II) alkyls FeR2(dippe) (R = CH2SiMe3, CH2CMe3, CH2CMe2Ph, CH2Ph, CH2C6H4Me). With bulky alkyl groups or with proper control of stoichiometry, the monoalkyl species Fe(C6H2Me3)Br (dippe) and Fe-(CH2CMe3)Br(dippe) may be obtained. All of these four-coordinate alkyls possess magnetic moments characteristic of high-spin species (/x= 4.9 mb)and exhibit large contact shifts in their12H NMR spectra. An X-ray crystal structure of the p-methylbenzyl complex Fe(CH2C6H4Me)2(dippe) reveals a distorted tetrahedral geometry, with C-Fe-C and P-Fe-P angles of 111.8 (2)° and 83.33 (7)°. The Fe-C distances of 2.120 (6) A show little change from low-spin iron(II) species, while the Fe-P distances of 2.462 (2) A are greatly lengthened. Despite the low electron count, there are no FeHC interactions or Fe—C contacts to benzylic positions in the p-methylbenzyl groups, and this fact may be accounted for on electronic grounds, although steric effects may also play a part. Specifically, the lack of empty d orbitals in these high-spin alkyls inhibits “agostic” interactions, despite the low electron counts. This behavior is consistent with the observation that the iron alkyls are incapable of olefin insertion processes that would lead to Ziegler-Natta catalytic activity. X-ray crystallographic data for Fe(CH2C6H4Me)2(dippe) at 25 °C: monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 8.957 (2) A, b = 15.620 (5) A, c = 22.510 (8) A, 0 = 98.20 (2)°, V = 3117 (2) A34 5 6 78, Z = 4, R = 5.2%, and Rw= 5.8% for 1234 data and 151 variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-768
Number of pages6
JournalOrganometallics
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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