Foundation of competitive equilibrium with non-transferable utility

In Koo Cho, Akihiko Matsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper investigates the dynamic foundation of a competitive equilibrium, studying a sequence of random matching models between ex ante heterogeneous buyers and sellers under two-sided incomplete information with no entry, where each agent is endowed with non-transferable utility. The economy is populated with two sets of infinitesimal agents, buyers and sellers, who have private information about their own valuations of the object. In each period, buyers and sellers in the pool are matched to draw randomly a pair of expected payoffs, which will realize if the long term relationship is formed. Each player decides whether or not to agree to form a long term relationship, conditioned on his private information. If both parties agree, then they leave the pool, receiving the expected payoff in each period while the long term relationship continues. The existing long term relationship is terminated either by will or by a random shock, upon which both parties return to the respective pools of agents. We quantify the amount of friction by the time span of each period. We demonstrate that as the friction vanishes, any sequence of stationary equilibrium outcomes, in which trade occurs with a positive probability, converges to the competitive equilibrium, under a general two sided incomplete information about the private valuation of each agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-265
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Economic Theory
StatePublished - Jul 2017


  • Competitive equilibrium
  • Matching
  • Non-transferable utility
  • Random proposal model
  • Search
  • Undominated equilibrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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