Formwork pressure model for self-consolidating concrete using pressure decay signature

Jacob D. Henschen, Daniel I. Castaneda, David A. Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Industry guidelines recommend that formwork be designed to withstand full hydrostatic pressures when using self-consolidating concrete (SCC) and highly flowable concrete. However, full hydrostatic pressures are seldom observed during SCC pours, meaning that it is possible to safely relax formwork design specifications. Numerous researchers have developed models that incorporate lab-tested material values to predict formwork pressure, but these models are affected by changing concrete mixture design, air temperature, humidity, and other factors that cannot be accounted for quickly. A simple field test method and model is presented in this study that predicts the formwork pressure using a calibrated behavior, which we call a "pressure decay signature." The simple formwork pressure model is shown to agree well with experimentally measured values during the construction of two tall-walls, suggesting that this method and model can contribute to increased cost efficiency of SCC construction while maintaining safe practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
JournalACI Materials Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2018


  • Formwork pressure
  • Predictive model
  • Self-consolidating concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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